ÍNDICE: - THE AGE OF DEVELOPMENT (a.d. 50-450) - The modest primitive church. - The growth of papal ambition. - Callistus humanizes the church. - From persecution to a shower of gold. - First degradation of the papacy. - The popes begin to persecute. - Augustin scorns the papal claims. - THE DARK AGE (a.d. 450-1050) - Consequences of the fall of rome. - The final quarrel with the greeks. - The pope rules the ruins of Europe. - Charlemagne and the popes. - Forging new title-deeds. - The popes pass into the iron age. - The rule of the courtesans. - The debasement of Europe. - THE AGE OF POWER (a.d. 1050-1550) - The work of Gregory VII. - The mythical age of chivalry. - The popes and the artistic revival. - The intellectual awakening. - The popes react with massacre and inquisition. - Frederic ii and the papacy. - Two centuries of degradation. - The inevitable reformation. - THE AGE OF DISINTEGRATION (a.d. 1550-1939) - The mythical counter-reformation. - The popes and the thirty years 5 war. - The state of catholic countries. - The popes and the french revolution. - The bloody reaction in papal lands. - The crumbling church and the return to violence.